یک مدل چند هدفه استوار برای طراحی زنجیره تأمین با درنظرگیری جریان رو به جلو وعقب و مسئولیت‌پذیری اجتماعی

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران

چکیده

در این مقاله مدلی چند هدفه ارائه شده است که در آن همزمان جریان رو به جلو و عقب در زنجیره تأمین در نظر گرفته شده و اهداف شامل هزینه و تأثیرات محیطی مانند میزان کربن دی اکسید و میزان مصرف آب و همچنین تأثیرات اجتماعی مانند میزان مشاغل ایجاد شده و عدالت در ایجاد مشاغل در نقاط مختلف می‌باشد. به علاوه در این تحقیق میزان تقاضا به صورت غیر قطعی بوده و با استفاده از روش برنامه‌ریزی استوار این عدم قطعیت وارد مدل‌سازی شده است. همچنین در مدل مورد نظر علاوه بر تعیین مکان بهینه تسهیلات و جریان بین آنها انتخاب نوع تکنولوژی و ظرفیت برای هر کارخانه تولیدی انجام می‎گیرد. در نهایت از صنعت فولاد برای پیاده‌سازی مدل ارائه شده استفاده شده است و نتایج نشان دهنده کارایی مدل استوار نسبت به مدل قطعی می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A robust multi objective model for forward – reverse supply chain designing based on social responsibility

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad Makui
  • Hamid Saffari
  • Mir Saman Pishvaei
  • Vahid Mahmoodian
چکیده [English]

In this research, a multi-objective mix integer programming for supply chain is proposed in which forward and reverse logistic is considered, simultaneously. In addition to cost, minimization of the environmental influences such as carbon dioxide emission and water consumption and also the social issues such as generated jobs and their equitable distributionis considered. Moreover, it is assumed that the demand is uncertain and the problem has been modeled using robust optimization. Proposed model determines the type of technology and capacity of facilities other than optimal location and flows between them. Eventually, the efficiency of robust model is investigated by applying it on steel industry as a case study.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Closed Loop Supply Chain
  • Reverse Logistics
  • Social responsibility
  • Robust Programming
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