عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
In this paper, the collapse properties of aluminum cylindrical tubes that hole or curvature is created on their edges or their mid is studied in experimental and numerical methods. The tubes were put under axial impact of a rigid mass-block of 30.405 kg by an initial velocity of 6 or 7 m/s. In experimental exams, first the type of aluminum alloy and mechanical properties of tubes were determined, and then four samples in order to validating the numerical results were analyzed under Impact collapse. An explicit FE code, LS-Dyna, was used to implement numerical investigation and a total of 13 specimens were examined. In results and discussion it was found that in impact loading, creating hole and curvature in edge and mid of cylindrical shells while keeping energy, decreases maximum force significantly and increasing crush force efficiency. In general, by increasing the number of holes, the less maximum force and more crush force efficiency. It was observed that in impact loading, establishment of curvature at the edges, reduces the maximum force and absorption energy and raises the crush force efficiency so that by raising edge curvature radius, maximum force and absorption energy decrease but crush force efficiency increase. Finally samples with optimal performance for each type of perforated and curved edge energy absorbers were introduced. These absorbers can be an appropriate alternative for usually types.
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