عنوان مقاله [English]
Rate of penetration (ROP) estimation in a drilling process is very important because it leads to the optimal selection of drilling parameters and reduction of the operating costs. The main purpose of this paper is to modeling and estimating ROP using optimized multilayer perceptron neural network with whale optimization algorithm (WOA-MLPNN), optimized multilayer perceptron neural network with ant colony optimization algorithm (ACO-MLPNN), back propagation multilayer perceptron neural network (BP-MLPNN) and two mathematical models including Bourgoyne and Young model (BYM) and Bingham model. The data required for development of the models were collected from the mud logging unit and the final reports of three drilled wells in an oil field located in southwestern Iran, which were first pre-processed to remove outliers and reduce noise. In the following, 12.25” hole-section information of two wells containing a similar sequence of drilled formations was used to train and test the models, and then the generated models were validated by the third well information. In the end, the performance of models was evaluated by statistical indicators and various graphical tools. The results of this study showed that the machine learning methods are much more accurate than conventional mathematical models. Also, more detailed studies showed that the WOA-MLPNN model with AAPRE values of 3.19, 5.48 and 9.31 for the three sections of training, testing and validation, respectively, has the highest performance compared to other models.